UC Berkeley Comparative Literature Undergraduate Journal

A Premier Humanities Research Journal at the University of California, Berkeley

Vol. 1(2) — Fall 2011

Table of Contents  

A Note from the Editor-in-Chief

Opening the Windows: Micah Yosef Berdyczewski And the Development of Modern Hebrew Literature
Talia Lavin

The Hebrew language has witnessed many radical changes and transformations throughout its history. Its modernization process begins with the Jewish Enlightenment, the Haskalah, and many thinkers contributed to Hebrew’s forthcoming, including S.Y. Abramovitch. Eventually Berdyczewski explodes into the Hebrew scene, with a dream for a new era of Hebrew. He desired for Hebrew to be a means of expression and literary value for Jewish people, and not just for the biblical sense. He combined his influences and external, European (for instance) confluences to form a “New Hebrew”.

El tíguere sin cola: la emasculación de una dominicanidad transnacional
Omaris Z. Zamora

The Tailless Tiger: The Emasculation of a Transnational ‘Dominicanidad’

Within conversations of transnational literature there seems to be also a concurrent theme of how sexuality works as an agent for legitimizing dominicanness. In this paper I explore the role of masculinity in facilitating the legitimization of national identity or dominicanness within the transnational space. Unlike many literary critics dismissal of this, it is necessary to have a better perspective of the literary complexity that gender and sexuality play in establishing a national identity within a transnational space. In analyzing this claim I focus on two novels from two contemporary Dominican-American authors: Julia Alvarez’s How the García Girls Lost Their Accents Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Within these two novels I focus on both Carlos and Oscar to see how they try to uphold a tíguere or the ideal Dominican heteronormative identity within the transnational space. In these novels the construction of the narrative and the historical importance of gender and sexuality in the formation of a national Dominican discourse is indispensable. In both novels not only does the dominicanness of these two characters come into question within the diasporic space, but there is also a certain degree of emasculation prevalent because of this failure. However, through these characters and the way the narratives are constructed, we find that Carlos García’s Dominican masculinity becomes only available through a reconstruction of the past the national space of Dominican Republic. While as for Oscar, he is presented to the reader as a dysfunctional Dominican man through the eyes of the narrator whose masculinity is paralleled with that of the dictator Trujillo that he, himself, describes. In the end, Oscar’s queered masculinity puts Yunior’s into question, so much so, that in the end it leads to the argument of an emerging alternative masculinity that does not fall into the spectrum of what is legitimized by national discourse as Dominican masculinity.  In the end, the paper pushes for a reconfiguration of Dominican masculinity. 

Detective y ciudad en las novelas negras de Manuel Vázquez Montalbán
Kari Berglund

 Detective and City in Manuel Vazquez Montalban’s ‘Novelas Negras’

My thesis aims to explore the role of the detective Pepe Carvalho in the first four novels of the detective series by Manuel Vázquez Montalbán throughout the progression of these novels. The four novels, written between 1974 and 1981, take place in Carvalho’s home city of Barcelona, Madrid, Amsterdam, Las Vegas, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, and I aim to explore how his role changes as he moves through these four urban spaces, using the detective character, the flaneur character described by Walter Benjamin, and the tourist character described by Dean MacCannell to structure my discussion.

DON GIOVANNI: il mito, il ribelle, l’attore,
Gaia Tomazzoli   

Don Giovanni: The Myth, The Rebel, The Actor

The article focuses on the myth of Don Juan; the aim is to provide a structuralist analysis of the main elements of the myth, in order to show that Don Juan is a myth of situation: the elements faced are the Dead, which punishes the hero, the Women he seduces, the hero himself and the Servant. Following reflections about these narrative cores and their symbolic value, the analysis underlines the main reasons of the triumph of this myth: for centuries, Don Juan has fascinated people and has been the main character of thousands of works because he represents the Actor, because he’s a rebel fighting in practical life against God and Christianity, and because his behavior reproduces ritual actions in order to build up his own myth.

Ricezione e selezione del pubblico in Guglielmo IX e l’Arcipoeta
Matteo Pace

The Receiving and the Selection of the Public in Guglielmo IX and l’Arcipoeta

A well-known statement of Pio Rajna branded William IX’s oeuvre a schizofrenic and halved poetry, in which the enhancement (and maybe founding) of the courtesy values coexists with the unbridled pursuit of pleasure and sex. In fact, the puns and parodies of his poems shift the reception axis between the author and his public with consequences I have compared with the selective reception in the Archpoet’s poetry.

Иноязычные вкрапления в художественной прозе В. П. Аксенова
Юлия Кислицына

Barbarisms in the Fiction of Vasily Pavlovich Aksyonov

Изучение иноязычных вкраплений в художественной прозе В. П. Аксенова представляется действительно актуальным, так как в настоящее время нет ни одного монографического описания творчества данного писателя. Hаш выбор обусловлен личностью автора, свободным владением Аксеновым иностранными языками, что не могло не отразиться и в его произведениях. Важна наша работа и потому, что в современной лингвистике нет однозначного толкования термина «иноязычное вкрапление» (barbarism).
Цель нашего исследования – анализ особенностей функционирования иноязычных вкраплений в двух романах В. П. Аксенова «Ожог» и «Остров Крым».

Мотив сделки в литературе Европы ХIХ-XX вв. на материале произведений И.В.Гете
“Фауст”, А.Ирасека “Дом Фауста”, Дж. Крюса “Тим Талер, или Проданый смех”,
О.Уальда “Портрет Дориана Грея”, М. Кундеры “Шутка,
by Liubov Bedenok

The Motif of Bargain in European Literature of the 19th and 20th Centuries: A Case Study of Works by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Milan Kundera, Alois Jirasek, James Kruss, and Oscar Wilde

Цeлью дaннoй paбoты являeтcя пoпыткa paccмoтpeть пpoцecc эвoлюции миcтичecкoгo мoтивa cдeлки в eвpoпeйcкий нaциoнaльных литepaтуpaх oт мoмeнтa eгo зapoждeния и пepвoнaчaльнoгo фopмиpoвaния, дo пoлнeйшeгo видoизмeнeния и pacтвopeния в дpугих мoтивaх.
Зaдaчи:
– Oбoзнaчить мoмeнт зapoждeния мoтивa
– paccмoтpeть eгo пepвocтeпeнный вид
– coпocтaвить хoд миpoвoй иcтopии c иcтopиeй paзвития дaннoгo литepaтуpнoгo мoтивa
– выявить ocoбeннocти мoтивa, пpичину eгo пoпуляpнocти, a тaкжe oбoзнaчить cтупeни eгo эвoлюции
Aктуaльнocть paбoты нaм видитcя в изучeннocти дaннoй тeмы лишь в нeбoльшoм кoличecтвe paкуpcoв. Дaннaя paбoтa пpeдcтaвляeт coбoй coпocтaвитeльный литepaтуpoвeдчecкий aнaлиз нecкoльких пpoизвeдeний-пpeдcтaвитeлeй paзных нaциoнaльных литepaтуp (нeмeцкoй, чeшcкoй, aнглийcкoй).
Paбoтa cocтoит из ввeдeния, двух глaв и зaключeния. Вo ввeдeнии пocтaвлeны цeли и зaдaчи дaннoй paбoты, тaк жe ocвeщeнa ee aктуaльнocть. Пepвaя глaвa пpeдcтaвляeт coбoй тeopeтичecкую ocнoву иccлeдoвaния, cвoeoбpaзную «дoкaзaтeльную бaзу» кo втopoй глaвe – пpaктичecкoй, кoтopaя и включaeт в ceбя нeпocpeдcтвeннo литepaтуpoвeдчecкий aнaлиз. В зaключeнии пoдвeдeны итoги пpoвeдeннoгo иccлeдoвaния.